Resource sectors declining but still important.

Primary resource sector (agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining and metals, energy) employment (production and support services) in rural Canada decreasing: 17% in 1996; 12% in 2009.

Long-term employment trend in natural resources production and support services: Between 1996 and 2009, rural employment in natural resources decreased in forestry and logging (-47%), agriculture (-29%), fishing (-26%), and mining (-4%) but increased in oil and gas (+38%) and support activities for mining and oil and gas (+116).

In 2008, 21% of rural employment was in resource sector production, support services, processing and manufacturing. This has declined from 24% in 2001.

In 2008, approximately 628,600 rural Canadians were employed in natural resources production, support services, manufacturing and processing:

  • 362,600 in primary resource production and support services
  • 266,000 in resource manufacturing and processing

From its peak in 2004, rural employment in resource manufacturing and processing declined by 45,000 (-15%).

Approximately one third of rural SMEs operate in agriculture, mining, fisheries, forestry, and energy.

The economies of approximately 1,610 or 36% of rural communities are dependent on a single natural resource (a community is considered dependent on natural resources when between 30-100% of their economy is based on a natural resource sector):

  • 563 agriculture-dependent communities
  • 454 forestry-dependent communities
  • 285 energy-dependent communities
  • 166 mining and metals-dependent communities
  • 142 fisheries-dependent communities

Approximately 2.4 million rural Canadians live in resource-dependent communities.

While the contribution of natural resources to Canada's GDP fell from 22.5% in 2000 to 20.1% in 2008, the contribution of natural resources to exports increased from 45% of all exports of goods in 2002 to 65% in 2008.

Faits ruraux

Environ 2,4 millions de Canadiens des régions rurales vivent dans des collectivités tributaires des ressources.